Difference between revisions of "Gay Liberation Front"

From LGBT Archive
Jump to: navigation, search
m (External links)
 
(16 intermediate revisions by 2 users not shown)
Line 2: Line 2:
 
[[File:Gay_liberation_1970_poster.jpg|300px|thumb|right|Gay Liberation Front poster from 1970]]
 
[[File:Gay_liberation_1970_poster.jpg|300px|thumb|right|Gay Liberation Front poster from 1970]]
  
In the United Kingdom the '''Gay Liberation Front''' (GLF) had its first meeting in the basement of the London School of Economics on 13 October 1970. Bob Mellors and Aubrey Walter had seen the effect of the GLF in the United States and created a parallel movement based on revolutionary politics and alternative lifestyle.
+
In the United Kingdom the '''Gay Liberation Front''' (GLF) had its first meeting in the basement of the London School of Economics on 13 October 1970. [[Bob Mellors]] and [[Aubrey Walter]] had seen the effect of the GLF in the United States and created a parallel movement based on revolutionary politics and alternative lifestyle.
  
1971 GLF cover version of Ink magazine, London
+
By 1971 the UK GLF was recognized as a political movement in the national press, holding weekly meetings of 200 to 300 people. The GLF Manifesto was published, and a series of high-profile direct actions, were carried out, such as the disruption of the launch of the Church-based morality campaign, [[Festival of Light]].
 
+
By 1971 the UK GLF was recognized as a political movement in the national press, holding weekly meetings of 200 to 300 people. The GLF Manifesto was published, and a series of high-profile direct actions, were carried out, such as the disruption of the launch of the Church-based morality campaign, Festival of Light.
+
  
 
:We do not intend to ask for anything. We intend to stand firm and assert our basic rights. If this involves violence, it will not be we who initiate this, but those who attempt to stand in our way to freedom.
 
:We do not intend to ask for anything. We intend to stand firm and assert our basic rights. If this involves violence, it will not be we who initiate this, but those who attempt to stand in our way to freedom.
 
:— ''GLF Manifesto, 1971''
 
:— ''GLF Manifesto, 1971''
  
The disruption of the opening of the 1971 Festival of Light was the best organised GLF action. The Festival of Light was organised by Mary Whitehouse at Methodist Central Hall, and included Cliff Richard and Malcolm Muggeridge. Groups of GLF members in drag invaded and spontaneously kissed each other; others released mice, sounded horns and unveiled banners, and a contingent dressed as workmen obtained access to the basement and shut off the lights.
+
The disruption of the opening of the 1971 Festival of Light was the best organised GLF action. The Festival of Light was organised by [[Mary Whitehouse]] at Methodist Central Hall, and included Cliff Richard and Malcolm Muggeridge. Groups of GLF members in drag invaded and spontaneously kissed each other; others released mice, sounded horns and unveiled banners, and a contingent dressed as workmen obtained access to the basement and shut off the lights.
 +
 
 +
Easter 1972 saw the '''Gay Lib annual conference''' held in the Guild of Undergraduates Union (students union) building at the [[University of Birmingham]].
 +
 
 +
By 1974 internal disagreements and lead to the movement splintering. Organisations that span off from the movement included the [[London Lesbian and Gay Switchboard]], [[Gay News]] and [[Icebreakers]]. The '''GLF Information Service''' continued for a few further years providing gay related resources. GLF branches had been set up in some other British cities (eg [[Bristol]], [[Leeds]], [[Bradford]]) and some survived for a few years longer.
  
Easter 1972 saw the '''Gay Lib annual conference''' held in the Guild of Undergraduates Union (students union) building at the University of Birmingham.
+
The papers of the GLF are among the [[Hall-Carpenter Archives]].
  
By 1974 internal disagreements and lead to the movement splintering. Organizations that span off from the movement included the [[London Lesbian and Gay Switchboard]], [[Gay News]] and [[Icebreakers]]. The '''GLF Information Service''' continued for a few further years providing gay related resources. GLF branches had been set up in some other British cities (e.g. Bristol, Leeds, Bradford) and some survived for a few years longer.
+
Several members of the GLF including [[Peter Tatchell]] continued their campaigning beyond the 1970s under the banner of OutRage! which still exists today, using similar tactics such as 'zaps' and performance protest to attract a significant level of media interest and controversy. It was at this point the emergence of a divide within the gay activist movement occurred mainly due to a difference in ideologies, after which a number of groups including [[Organisation for Lesbian and Gay Action]] (OLGA), [[Stonewall Equality Limited]] (which focused on lobby tactics), the [[Lesbian Avengers]] and [[OutRage!]] co-existed.
  
The papers of the GLF are among the [[Hall Carpenter Archives]].
+
==GLF outside London==
 +
''Gay News'' issue 1 (June 1972) listed the following groups outside London:
 +
{{columns-list|3|
 +
*[[Aberystwyth]] GLF
 +
*[[Bath Gay Awareness]]
 +
*[[Bedfordshire]] GLF
 +
*[[Birmingham]] GLF
 +
*[[Brighton]] GLF
 +
*[[Belfast]] GLF
 +
*[[Bradford]] GLF
 +
*[[Canterbury]] Gay Lib Society
 +
*[[Chelmsford]] GLF
 +
*[[Cheltenham]] GLF
 +
*[[Essex University GLF]]
 +
*[[Derby]] GLF
 +
*[[Edinburgh]] GLF
 +
*[[Durham]] GLF
 +
*[[Higham Ferrers]] GLF
 +
*[[Hull]] GLF
 +
*[[Lancaster]] GLF
 +
*[[Keele]] Gay Lib Society
 +
*[[Leeds]] GLF
 +
*[[Leicester]] GLF
 +
*[[Manchester]] GLF
 +
*[[Newcastle Upon Tyne]] GLF
 +
*[[Norwich]] GLF
 +
*[[Oxford]] GLF
 +
*[[Reading]] GLF
 +
*[[Sheffield]] GLF
 +
*[[Southend]] GLF
 +
*[[Swansea]] GLF
 +
}}
  
Several members of the GLF including [[Peter Tatchell]] continued their campaigning beyond the 1970s under the banner of OutRage! which still exists today, using similar tactics such as 'zaps' and performance protest to attract a significant level of media interest and controversy. It was at this point the emergence of a divide within the gay activist movement occurred mainly due to a difference in ideologies, after which a number of groups including [[Organisation for Lesbian and Gay Action]] (OLGA), [[Stonewall]] (which focused on lobby tactics), the [[Lesbian Avengers]] and [[OutRage!]] co-existed.
+
==Further reading==
  
 +
<cite>[[No Bath but Plenty of Bubbles]]</cite>, an Oral History of the Gay Liberation Front, 1970–73, by [[Lisa Power]]. Cassell, 1995, ISBN 0-304-33205-4.
  
 
== External links ==
 
== External links ==
Guardian ''The Gay Liberation Front's social revolution'' http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2010/oct/12/gay-liberation-front-social-revolution
+
Guardian ''The Gay Liberation Front's social revolution''<br>http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2010/oct/12/gay-liberation-front-social-revolution
  
''A brief history of the Gay Liberation Front, 1970-73''<br> http://libcom.org/library/brief-history-gay-liberation-front-1970-73
+
''A brief history of the Gay Liberation Front, 1970-73''<br>http://libcom.org/library/brief-history-gay-liberation-front-1970-73
  
 
[[Category:Organisations]]
 
[[Category:Organisations]]
[[Category:Campaigning organisations]]
+
[[Category:Campaigning groups]]

Latest revision as of 23:32, 28 March 2016

From Wikipedia

Gay Liberation Front poster from 1970

In the United Kingdom the Gay Liberation Front (GLF) had its first meeting in the basement of the London School of Economics on 13 October 1970. Bob Mellors and Aubrey Walter had seen the effect of the GLF in the United States and created a parallel movement based on revolutionary politics and alternative lifestyle.

By 1971 the UK GLF was recognized as a political movement in the national press, holding weekly meetings of 200 to 300 people. The GLF Manifesto was published, and a series of high-profile direct actions, were carried out, such as the disruption of the launch of the Church-based morality campaign, Festival of Light.

We do not intend to ask for anything. We intend to stand firm and assert our basic rights. If this involves violence, it will not be we who initiate this, but those who attempt to stand in our way to freedom.
GLF Manifesto, 1971

The disruption of the opening of the 1971 Festival of Light was the best organised GLF action. The Festival of Light was organised by Mary Whitehouse at Methodist Central Hall, and included Cliff Richard and Malcolm Muggeridge. Groups of GLF members in drag invaded and spontaneously kissed each other; others released mice, sounded horns and unveiled banners, and a contingent dressed as workmen obtained access to the basement and shut off the lights.

Easter 1972 saw the Gay Lib annual conference held in the Guild of Undergraduates Union (students union) building at the University of Birmingham.

By 1974 internal disagreements and lead to the movement splintering. Organisations that span off from the movement included the London Lesbian and Gay Switchboard, Gay News and Icebreakers. The GLF Information Service continued for a few further years providing gay related resources. GLF branches had been set up in some other British cities (eg Bristol, Leeds, Bradford) and some survived for a few years longer.

The papers of the GLF are among the Hall-Carpenter Archives.

Several members of the GLF including Peter Tatchell continued their campaigning beyond the 1970s under the banner of OutRage! which still exists today, using similar tactics such as 'zaps' and performance protest to attract a significant level of media interest and controversy. It was at this point the emergence of a divide within the gay activist movement occurred mainly due to a difference in ideologies, after which a number of groups including Organisation for Lesbian and Gay Action (OLGA), Stonewall Equality Limited (which focused on lobby tactics), the Lesbian Avengers and OutRage! co-existed.

GLF outside London

Gay News issue 1 (June 1972) listed the following groups outside London:

Further reading

No Bath but Plenty of Bubbles, an Oral History of the Gay Liberation Front, 1970–73, by Lisa Power. Cassell, 1995, ISBN 0-304-33205-4.

External links

Guardian The Gay Liberation Front's social revolution
http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2010/oct/12/gay-liberation-front-social-revolution

A brief history of the Gay Liberation Front, 1970-73
http://libcom.org/library/brief-history-gay-liberation-front-1970-73